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Is There A Tax On Life Insurance Benefits?
Article 4 of 7 in What to Know About Life Insurance Beneficiaries
Life insurance is generally not taxable, and beneficiaries typically do not have to worry about reporting the payments as income. There are life insurance taxes on any interest that you earn on benefit payments that you transfer into money making accounts, however, as long as the beneficiary is not the estate of the deceased there are not taxes on life insurance.
TIP: If you have chosen to make your estate your beneficiary, you could get hit with life insurance taxes! These funds would be considered part of your estate. A better approach is to make someone your beneficiary and designate them to pay any estate taxes with the proceeds.
Estate Taxes and Life Insurance
Estate taxes are levied only if your estate is worth over a certain amount. The majority of individual do not fall in this category. However if your life insurance death benefits puts your final estate in the area of $500,000 to $1,000,000 you may want to make sure you set up your life insurance beneficiaries properly to ensure they do not incur any unnecessary taxes. This is especially important with high value estates and if you have what is know as incidental of ownership in any policies. Incidental ownership is defined as any interests or rights that an individual maintains in an asset, including property and insurance, that allow the person to change, modify, use or benefit from that asset. As owner of the life insurance policy, you have control over the policy. This means you can cancel it, surrender it, borrow against it, pledge or assign it, or can change the beneficiary. Therefore if you die as the owner of a policy, the value of the policy is part of your estate and the proceeds of that life insurance policy may be taxed. You could reduce the size of your estate by possibly gifting assets to beneficiaries but to avoid estate tax on the gift, the original owner must not retain any incidents of ownership in the gifted assets.
TIP: If you have a spouse, forgo estate taxes on life insurance by making your spouse the beneficiary. But remember, taxes might be levied when your spouse dies. Talk to an experience estate planner to help you create ways to get around this.
How to Alleviate Life Insurance Taxes
There are things you can do to alleviate the taxes on life insurance beneficiaries. The best method is to create a trust. The trust can buy the life policy and prevent you every owning the life insurance policy thereby avoiding incidental ownership. In the case of making a minor child your beneficiary, creating an irrevocable trust will ensure the beneficiary can not be changed. There are some caveats to this: the government mandates that you must survive any transfer by three years or your estate will be taxed anyway. This type of law is not uncommon or unique to the federal government. When you use life insurance for estate planning, you should work with a life insurance attorney familiar with end of life benefit distribution.
These issues can get very complicated, and you don't want to chance your death benefit being eaten up by taxes placed on life insurance beneficiaries. If you feel that your estate, including any life insurance death benefit, would potentially create an estate tax situation, ask an insurance professional to guide you.
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